【英语故事】传奇女王——伊丽莎白一世

WayPal英语

2018-05-04 08:04:27

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500多年前,英格兰处于内部因宗教分裂的混乱状态,而伟大的伊丽莎白一世即位,成功地保持了英格兰的统一,而且在经过近半个世纪的统治后,使英格兰成为欧洲最强大和最富有的国家之一。跟着WayPal君一起来了解一下这位传奇的女王的故事吧!

 

 

 

《Elizabeth I》

Elizabeth was born nearly 500 years ago, in 1533. Her father, King Henry VIII, had six wives. When Elizabeth was two, her father ordered her mother’s execution.

‘Off with her head!’

Elizabeth was very clever, but she had a difficult childhood with her bad-tempered father and so many stepmothers. She was put in prison in the Tower of London for two months when she was twenty. Elizabeth became queen in 1558.

‘Your sister is dead. You are the new queen.’

The English people liked Elizabeth and called her ‘Good Queen Bess’. But Elizabeth was often bad tempered and bossy.

‘I said give me my wig!’

Elizabeth sent explorers sailing around the world. In 1577, Sir Francis Drake set sail in his ship, the Pelican.

‘Goodbye, Francis. Discover some new countries and bring me back some Spanish treasure!’

In 1588, the Spanish king sent a huge fleet of ships to attack England. It was called ‘the Spanish

Armada’. Elizabeth gave a famous speech to inspire her army.

‘My loving people! I know I have the body of a weak woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king. I will live or die among you all, but I know we shall have a famous victory!’

Spain lost the battle.

Elizabeth’s cousin, Mary, was Queen of Scotland. Mary had to run away from Scotland and she asked Elizabeth to protect her.

‘Please protect me, Elizabeth!’

Elizabeth was afraid that Mary wanted to become Queen of England. She locked Mary up in the

Tower of London. Nineteen years later she ordered Mary’s execution.

‘Off with her head!’

Elizabeth was queen for 45 years. It was a golden age for England. She died in 1603, aged 70, and

James I, Mary’s son, became king.

‘Queen Elizabeth is dead. Long live King James!’

 

中文译文

《伊丽莎白一世》

大约500年前,1533年伊丽莎白出生。她的父亲,国王亨利八世有六个妻子。伊丽莎白两岁时,她父亲下令执行她母亲的死刑。

“砍掉她的头!”

伊丽莎白很聪明,但她的童年却很艰难,因为坏脾气的父亲和这么多的继母。她二十岁时被关进伦敦塔坐了两个月监狱。伊丽莎白在1558年成为女王。

“你姐姐死了。你是新女王。”

英国人喜欢伊丽莎白,称她为“好女王贝丝”。但伊丽莎白脾气暴躁、专横。

“我说了给我假发!”

伊丽莎白派探险家在世界各地航行。1577年,弗朗西斯·德雷克爵士航行时,发现了佩利肯。

“再见,弗兰西斯。发现一些新的国家,带回这些西班牙财宝!”

1588年,西班牙国王派遣了一支庞大的舰队攻击英国。它被称为西班牙语无敌舰队。伊丽莎白发表了一篇著名的演讲来鼓舞她的军队。

“我亲爱的人们!我知道我只是一个有柔弱身体的女人,但我有国王的心和胃。我将和你们一起活下来或死亡,但我知道我们必将胜利!”

西班牙输掉了这场战役。

伊丽莎白的堂兄玛丽是苏格兰女王。玛丽不得不逃离苏格兰,她请求伊丽莎白保护她。

“请保护我,伊丽莎白!”

伊丽莎白害怕玛丽想成为英国女王。她把玛丽关在伦敦塔。十九年后,她命令将玛丽处决。

“砍掉她的头!”

伊丽莎白当了45年的女王。这是英国的黄金时代。她于1603年去世,享年70岁。

杰姆斯一世,玛丽的儿子,成为国王。

“伊丽莎白女王死了。杰姆斯国王万岁!”

读完故事啦,快来检测一下宝贝的学习成果吧!(答案见文末)

 

 

热腾腾的答案来咯!怎么样?WayPal君猜宝贝一定做得很棒,记得发朵小红花啦~

 

 

 

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