【英语故事】“提灯女神”——南丁格尔

WayPal英语

2018-05-15 08:57:39

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19世纪50年代,克里米亚战争爆发,英国的参战士兵死亡率高达42%。南丁格尔主动申请担任战地护士,率领38名护士抵达前线服务于战地医院,为伤员解决必须的生活用品和食品,对他们进行认真的护理。仅仅半年左右的时间伤病员的死亡率就下降到2.2%。由于南丁格尔的努力,让昔日地位低微的护士其社会地位与形象都大为提高。“南丁格尔”也成为护士精神的代名词。“5.12”国际护士节设立在南丁格尔的生日这一天,就是为了纪念这位近代护理事业的创始人。跟着WayPal君一起来了解一下这位“提灯女神”吧!

 

 

 

《Florence Nightingale》

Florence Nightingale was a nurse who saved many lives in the 19th century. She was named after the city of Florence in Italy, where her parents went after they got married in 1818. Her family was rich and they had two homes in Britain as well as servants.

Florence was an unusual young woman for her time because she didn’t want to go to parties and get married. She wanted to be a nurse and help people. Her family didn’t want her to become a nurse because hospitals back then were dirty, horrible places. They were worried about her. In 1851, Florence went to Germany and learned all about nursing. It was hard work, but she loved it.

In 1854, lots of British soldiers went to fight in the Crimean War. Army hospitals were filled with injured men, but there were no nurses and many men died. Florence and a team of nurses went to help. Florence worked 20 hours a day to make the army hospital a cleaner and safer place. She brought the men fresh food, she cleaned the hospital beds and she used clean bandages on the wounded soldiers. Soon, fewer men were dying.

At night, Florence walked around the hospital. She talked to the injured soldiers and helped the men to write letters to their families. She carried a lamp and the soldiers called her ‘The lady with the lamp’.

When Florence returned to England, people called her a heroine because of her amazing work in the Crimean War. Queen Victoria wrote her a letter to say thank you. She continued to work hard in Britain to improve hospitals and she was given a medal called the Order of Merit. She was the first woman to receive this honour.

中文译文

《弗洛伦斯·南丁格尔》

弗洛伦斯·南丁格尔是一名护士,挽救了十九世纪很多人的生命。她以意大利佛罗伦萨市的名字起名。父母在1818年就结婚了,她的家庭很富有。他们在英国有两个家和佣人。

弗洛伦斯是一个不寻常的年轻女子,不同那个时代的其他女子,她不想去参加聚会和结婚。她想当护士,帮助别人。她的家庭不想让她成为护士,因为那时医院是肮脏可怕的地方。他们都为她担心。1851年,弗洛伦斯去了德国,学习了所有的护理知识。课程很难但她喜欢。

1854年,许多英国士兵在克里米亚战争中作战。军队医院挤满了伤员,但是没有护士,很多人死了。弗洛伦斯和一队护士去帮忙。弗洛伦斯每天工作20小时,使军队医院更干净更安全。她带来新鲜的食物,她清洗病床,她用清洁绷带为受伤的士兵包扎。很快,死亡的人减少了。

晚上,弗洛伦斯巡视医院。她和受伤的士兵交谈,帮助士兵写信给他们的家人。她拿着一盏灯,所以士兵们叫她“提灯女神”。

当弗洛伦斯回到英国时,因为她在英国克里米亚战争中的出色工作,人们称她为女英雄。维多利亚女王给她写了一封信,表示感谢。她在英国继续努力工作来改善医疗水平。同时她被授予“荣誉勋章”的奖章。她是第一个获得这项荣誉的妇女。

 

读完故事啦,一起来测测学习成果吧!(答案见文末)

 

 

答案来咯!WayPal君猜宝贝一定做得很棒,手动点赞~

 

 

 

 

 

 

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