【英语故事】莎翁“四大悲剧”之一——《哈姆雷特》

WayPal英语

2018-05-28 08:55:12

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今天WayPal君带来的故事是英国著名文学家莎士比亚的“四大悲剧”之一《哈姆雷特》。威廉·莎士比亚(William Shakespeare),常尊称为莎翁,是英国文学史上最杰出的戏剧家,也是欧洲文艺复兴时期最重要、最伟大的作家,全世界最卓越的文学家之一。《哈姆雷特》则主要讲述了由于叔叔克劳狄斯谋害哈姆雷特的父亲,篡取了王位,并娶了哈姆雷特的母亲,哈姆雷特王子因此为父王向叔叔复仇的故事。

 

 

《Hamlet》

Many years ago in Denmark there was a prince called Hamlet.

One day Hamlet’s father, the king, dies suddenly and Hamlet is very sad.

After this, Hamlet’s mother, Gertrude, gets married again very quickly. She marries her husband’s brother, Claudius, and Claudius is now the king!

‘Aargh! How could you do this to me!’

One night Hamlet’s friend, Horatio, tells him that there is a ghost in the castle. It is the ghost of Hamlet’s father!

‘Claudius killed me with poison! Hamlet, you must punish Claudius for me!’

Hamlet is confused. He doesn’t know if he believes the ghost and he doesn’t know what to do.

Hamlet now acts very strangely. He is mean and angry, and he upsets his girlfriend, Ophelia.

‘Go away! Leave me alone!’

‘Oh, he is so mean!’

One day a group of actors come to the castle and Hamlet makes a plan. He asks the actors to change their play. The new play will show a king poisoned like Hamlet’s father.

‘With this play I will catch the king.’

When Claudius watches the play he looks very worried and runs away. Hamlet sees him and he knows the truth.

Claudius is very worried about Hamlet now and makes a plan with Ophelia’s brother, Laertes.

‘You will fight him and we will put poison on the sword and in his drink too.’Laertes and Hamlet fight. Laertes cuts Hamlet, but in the fight Hamlet takes Laertes’ sword and cuts him with it too!

‘Here, Hamlet, drink this.’

‘No, thank you, Mother. I’m not thirsty.’

‘No, don’t!’

‘It was him! He poisoned us all!’

Finally, Hamlet knows he must stop Claudius.

‘Aargh! Have this and this!’

All the royal family are now poisoned and Hamlet tells his friend that there must be a new king.

‘Goodbye, my prince.’

中文译文

《哈姆雷特》

许多年前在丹麦有一个王子哈姆雷特。

有一天,哈姆雷特的父亲,国王突然去世。哈姆雷特很伤心。

之后,哈姆雷特的母亲格德鲁特很快又结婚了。她嫁给了她丈夫的兄弟克劳狄斯,并且克劳狄斯成为了国王!

“啊!你怎么能这样对我呢!’

一天晚上,哈姆雷特的朋友霍雷肖告诉他城堡里有一个幽灵。它是哈姆雷特父亲的鬼魂!

“克劳狄斯用毒药杀了我!哈姆雷特,你必须为我惩罚克劳狄斯!’

哈姆雷特感到困惑。他不知道他是否要相信鬼魂,他不知道什么去做。

哈姆雷特现在表现得很奇怪。他变成一个卑鄙、愤怒的人,他惹恼了他的女朋友奥菲莉亚

“走开!别管我!”

“哦,他太自私了!“

一天,哈姆雷特制定了一个计划,让一群演员来到城堡。他要求演员们改变他们的剧情。这出新戏将展示一个像哈姆雷特父亲一样中毒的国王。

“有了这出戏,我就可以抓住国王了。”

当克劳狄斯看这部戏时,他看起来很着急并要逃跑。哈姆雷特看见他,并且知道他了解真相。

克劳狄斯非常担心哈姆雷特,并和奥菲莉亚的弟弟莱尔特斯制订了一个计划,

“你会和他决斗,我们会把毒药放在剑和他的酒里。”

莱尔特斯和哈姆雷特决斗。莱尔特斯砍向哈姆雷特,哈姆雷特夺过剑刺向莱尔特斯!

“来,哈姆雷特,喝这个。”

“不,谢谢你,妈妈。我不渴。”

“不,不要!”

“是他!他毒死了我们所有人!”

最后,哈姆雷特知道他必须阻止克劳狄斯。

所有皇室成员都中毒了,哈姆雷特告诉他的朋友,一定有一个新国王。

“再见,我的王子。”

配合练习,巩固一下知识吧!(文末见答案~)

 

 

答案来啦,怎么样,莎翁的故事是不是很精彩啊,有能力的小朋友还可以去看原著哦!

 

 

 

 

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